Full List Of Major Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Locations | Online Naija

Full List Of Major Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Locations

By  | 

Mineral resources are materials of economic interest found in or on the earth’s crust in such quality, quantity and form that can be considered for economic extraction. In Nigeria, mineral resources play a great role in the economic sector. In fact, the Nigerian economic is skewed toward the exploration of minerals specifically petroleum. This makes the discussion of the mineral resources in Nigeria very important and this article will take care of that.

Image result for Mineral resources

Below are the major mineral resources in Nigeria and where they can be found at the moment.

1. PETROLEUM/NATURAL GAS

Petroleum and Natural gas goes hand in hand, this was first discovered in Oloibiri, Bayelsa state in 1959. Petroleum is by far the most important mineral available in Nigeria. About 2.5 million barrels of crude oil is produced per day while the gas reserves is put at 160 Trillion cubic meters.

This large quantity of oil is produced by only 8 States known as the oil producing States located in the Niger Delta Region of the country. These states includes Akwa Ibom, Delta, Rivers, Bayelsa, Edo, Ondo, Abia and Imo. Nigeria currently have 4 refineries for refining crude oil though none can be said to be fully functional. These includes 2 in Rivers state, one in Warri that in Delta while the remaining one is in kaduna state

2. COAL

Coal was first discovered in 1909 at Enugu and exploration of it started at the Ogbete Mine in 1916. The Nigerian coal is one of the best coal in the world owning to low sulphur and ash content making it eco-friendly. From research, it had been discovered that Nigeria have nearly 3 billion tonnes of indicated coal reserves in 17 identified coal fields. Currently, only over 600 million tonnes of proven reserves are present.

This mineral is a very good of energy though it is not widely used in Nigeria owing to the shift to use of Diesel and gas. Internationally, countries like Italy and the United Kingdom shows interest in it. Currently most of the mines had been deserted and the Federal Government is planning of privatization it. Enugu, Benue, Nasarawa, Ondo, Plateau and Zamfara are the states were coal had been discovered in Nigeria.

3. BITUMEN

This mineral resources was first discovered in 1900 and the exploration started in 1905. The Bitumen reserves in the Nigeria is twice the volume of the existing crude oil in the country. It is put at 42 billion tonnes. The irony of it however is, this large reserves are not been exploited and most of the bitumen used in road constructions are imported. States you can find this includes Lagos State, Ogun State, Ondo State, and Edo State.

4. IRON ORE

Iron ore is another mineral resources in Nigeria with it largest deposit in Itakpe, Kogi state. Aside Kogi, it is also present in Enugu, Niger state and the Federal Capital Territory. About 3 billion metric tonnes of iron ore is said to be present in the country. The National Iron Ore Mining Company was founded in 1979 in order to explore and provide this iron ore to the Ajaokuta Steel Company in Ajaokuta and Delta Steel Company in Aladja. This company cannot be said to have keep to it mission and the two steel companies are even non-functional.

5. GYPSUM

The importance of gypsum cannot be overemphasized, it is used in the production of cement, plaster of Paris (POP) as well as the classroom chalk among others. About 1 billion tonnes of gypsum deposits are spread across some states in Nigeria. These includes Adamawa, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Delta, Edo, Gombe, Imo, Kogi, Ondo and Sokoto.

6. GOLD

Gold is one of the mineral resources in Nigeria that is exploited on a small scale. The exploration of gold is not very dominant and can be found in only in places in States like Sokoto, Zamfara, Oyo, Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Kaduna, Edo, Ebonyi, Bauchi and Abuja.

7. TALC

This is one of the mineral resource in Nigeria. It is found in places like Niger, Osun, Kogi, Ogun and Kaduna states. The current deposit of talc is put at around 40 million tonnes. The only talc plant in the country is the Raw Materials Research and Development Council (RMRDC)’s 3,000 tonnes per annum catalytic Talc plant in Niger state.

8. LEAD/ZINC

An estimated 10 million tonnes of lead/zinc veins are spread over Abia, Abuja, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bayelsa, Benue, Cross River, Ebonyi, Enugu, Kano, Niger, Plateau and Taraba. Proven reserves in 3 prospects in the east-central area are put at 5 million tonnes waiting for investors to benefit from it.

9. BENTONITE AND BARYTE

Bentonite and Baryte are the main constituents of the mud used in the drilling of all types of oil wells. Currently, over 700 million tonnes of Bentonite is spread across Adamawa, Borno and Plateau state. On the other hand, over 7.5 million tonnes of baryte have been identified in Taraba and Bauchi States.

10. GEMSTONES

Gemstones are one of the important mineral resources in Nigeria found and exploited heavily in Plateau, Kaduna and Bauchi. sapphire, ruby, aquamarine, emerald, tourmaline, topaz, garnet, amethyst; zircon, and flour-spar are some of the Gemstones in these areas and are regarded as part of the best in the world.

11. KAOLIN

kaolinitic clay reserveat in Nigeria had been put at 3 billion tonnes and are found in places like Adamawa, Borno, Delta, Ekiti, Kaduna, Katsina, Kogi, Ogun, Ondo, Plateau and Sokoto.

12. ROCK SALT

This is a very important mineral resource in Nigeria, it is used for making caustic soda, table salt, chlorine, sodium hydrochloric acid, sodium bicarbonate and hydrogen peroxide. In fact, the annual demand for these items had exceeded 1 million tonnes. Currently, there are indications that about 1.5 million tonnes of rock salt is deposited in this country.

Leave a Reply

Be the First to Comment!

Notify of
avatar
wpDiscuz
  1. Sofa Kiss Daniel 3:43
  2. Love No Go Die || OnlineNaija.com Olamide 3:30
  3. One Take ft Terry Apala Dabat ft. Terry Apala 3:45
  4. Gbefun || OnlineNaija.com Chinko Ekun 3:19
  5. Juice || OnlineNaija.com Ycee Ft. MaleekBerry 4:15
  6. BE TEKNO 3:46
  7. Shape of You Terry Apala 3:53
  8. One For Me RAYCE 3:17
  9. Jaiye Jaiye Remix (International version) Wizkid 3:09
  10. Ghetto Love ft. Daddy Showkey, Marvelous Benji, Danfo Drivers, African China & Baba Fryo Sound Sultan 4:46
  11. Kilamity Sugarboy ft Kiss Daniel 4:01
  12. Adurah || Vector Vector 3:24
  13. Polybag || Reminisce Reminisce 4:10
  14. Wawu || Mz Kiss Mz Kiss 3:10
  15. Son Of Anarchy | Olamide Olamide Ft. Burna Boy & Phyno 2:22
  16. 10/10 Abdulala 3:58
  17. Sweet Love | Wizkid Wizkid 3:24
  18. Wine To The Top ▶ Vybz Kartel & Wiz Kid 3:39
  19. Gbeborun | OnlineNaija.com Klever Jay ft. Small Doctor 3:23
  20. Chinko Ekun - SHAKE IT 3:17
  21. Blessing Me || OnlineNaija.com Banky W 3:53
  22. Over And Over (Ft Tha Suspect) || Mp3Naija.Com iLLBliss 3:21
  23. No Fake Love ▶OnlineNaija.com Lil Kesh 3:30
  24. Lori Titi-Durella || OnlineNaija.com Durella Ft. Stormy 3:38
  25. Pity 4 Us || OnlineNaija.com Timaya 3:25
  26. Confirm It | OnlineNaija.com Expensive Ft. Solidstar 3:14
  27. KUMBAYA | OnlineNaija.com Dakeys 3:06
  28. Lepepe | OnlineNaija.com Pelly Ft. Seriki 3:37
  29. Mi O Yo | OnlineNaija.com 9ice 3:31
  30. Gamululu Cover || OnlineNaija.com Gfresh x Geofficialmix x Apass 2:27
  31. Basketmouth || OnlineNaija.com Fela 4:57
  32. Iyanya - Hold On || OnlineNaija.com Iyanya 3:11
  33. Another Level Jaywon ft Mr. Eazi 4:08
  34. Apala New Skool || OnlineNaija.com Qdot 4:44
  35. S.H.O.U.T (Mixed By Possigee) ▶ OnlineNaija.com Sarkodie 3:13
  36. Perfect Woman || OnlineNaija.com Faze 4:59
  37. Falz - Baby Boy || OnlineNaija.com Falz 3:09
  38. Row Ya Boat || OnlineNaija.com May D Ft Rock City 4:11
  39. Wave (Remix) || OnlineNaija.com Iceberg Slim ft Davido, Shatta Wale, Terry Apalla, Wale Turner & LAX 3:55
  40. Carry Go | OnlineNaija.com Chief Obi Ft. Olamide 4:27
  41. RELIABLE-KOTOMI - OnlineNaija.com RELIABLE-KOTOMI
  42. ALIGNMENT || OnlineNaija.com Sean Dampte Ft. Rayce 4:18
  43. Slow Whyne | OnlineNaija.com Que Peller 3:29
  44. Yamarita | OnlineNaija.com Joe El Ft. Olamide 4:05
  45. IJO ALERT ASHLEY STEPHANIE FT SELEBOBO 3:42
  46. Yala Yolo Jhybo 3:21
  47. For You Skales 3:27