Full List Of The 9 Niger Delta States In Nigeria | Online Naija

Full List Of The 9 Niger Delta States In Nigeria

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Niger Delta is the delta of the Niger River sitting directly on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria. Typically it’s considered to be located within nine coastal southern Nigerian states, which include: all six states from the South South geopolitical zone, one state (Ondo) from South West geopolitical zone and two states (Abia and Imo) from South East geopolitical zone.

Of all the states that the region covers, only Cross River is not an oil-producing state.Niger Delta is a very densely populated region sometimes called the Oil Rivers because it was once a major producer of palm oil. The area was the British Oil Rivers Protectorate from 1885 until 1893, when it was expanded and became the Niger Coast Protectorate. The delta is a petroleum-rich region, and has been the centre of international controversy over pollution, corruption (notably by the Abacha regime), and human rights violations.

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The Niger Delta States occupies an area extent of 70,000sqkm which is just 7.5% of the area extent of Nigeria. This zone is known as the Niger Delta Region which is different from the South South zone in that it is the oil producing region of the country.

Historically, the Niger Delta Region consist of just Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers but the Nigerian Federal Government included Akwa Ibom, Abia, cross river, Edo, Ondo and Imo in the year 2000. So it is most appropriate to regard the region now recognised as the Niger Delta Region by the Federal Government as the Political Niger Delta Region. So basically, the the Niger Delta Region is made up of 9 States listed below.

The 9 Niger Delta States:


Bayelsa lies in the core of the Niger Delta Region and it is one of the largest oil producing States in the country. This state was created on 1 October, 1996 out of River State with Yenagoa as it capital. As the 4th largest producer of oil in Nigeria, petroleum exploration is at it peak but ironically, the citizens of the state lives in abject poverty and mostly in the rural areas and engaged mostly in fishing. Bayelsa has only 8 Local Government with a population of about 1.9 million and has Ogbia, Nembe, Izon and Epie-Atissa as it major ethnic groups. Henry Dickson is the current Governor of Bayelsa.


 Nicknamed the finger of God, Delta state was created on 27 August 1991 with Asaba as it capital. It is the 2nd largest oil producer and has a refinery as well as a petrochemical plant in Warri, it heartbeat. Delta is also a core Niger Delta state with Urhobos, Isokos and the Itsekiris as the major ethnic groups in the region. It has a population of more than 4 million spread throughout the 25 Local Government Areas in the state. This state can also be referred to an an agricultural state aside being an oil producer. The Governor of Delta state is Arthur Okowa Ifeanyi.
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Rivers together with Bayelsa and Delta are the core of Niger Delta Region. This state was created on 27 May 1967 with Port Harcourt as it capital. Rivers pride itself as the Treasure Base of the Nation and it is the 3rd largest oil producer in the country. Aside being an oil producer, this state also pride itself as the state having 2 refineries making it a major state for petroleum exploration. It is one of the most populated States in Nigeria with a population of about 5 million living in the 23 LGA of the state. The major ethnic groups here include the Ikwerre, Okrika, Upobo, Kalabari the Ubani.


Created in 23 September 1987 with Uyo as the state capital, Akwa Ibom is proudly the largest oil producing state in Nigeria. Not just this, the capital of Akwa Ibom is regarded as the most beautiful city in the country. The major ethnic groups include Oron, Annang and Ibibio. This state has a population of about 2.3 million living in it 31 LGA. The name of the Governor of Akwa Ibom is Udom Gabriel Emmanuel.


Cross River State was created in 27 May 1967 with Calabar, one of the most beautiful city in the country as it capital. This state shares boundary with Cameroon and even got it name from a river that originates there. The name of this river is cross. Cross River is governed by Benedict Ayade and has 18 LGA with a population of about 3.3 million. The major ethnic groups includes Efik, Ejagham, and Bekwarra.


This is the last south south state in the Niger Delta Region. The others include Delta, Rivers, Bayelsa, Akwa Ibom and Cross River. This is why I stated that the South South Region is different from the the Niger Delta Region because of the inclusion of Abia, Imo and Ondo in the Niger Delta States. The capital of Edo is Benin City with Adams Oshiomhole as it current Governor. Edo is home to about 2.2 million people living in the 18 LGA of the state and have the Edo, Esan, Igarra, Etsako/Afemai and the Okpamheri as the major ethnic groups.


This is a South Western state added into the Niger Delta Region with Akure as it capital. Created 3rd February 1976, Ondo state is one the oil producing States in Nigeria and it is a home to about 3.4 million people. The state has 18 LGA with Olusegun Mimiko as the Governor. The major ethnic groups in Ondo are the Yoruba sub groups with the Ijaw group as a minority group.


This is a South East state was created on 27 August 1991 with Umuahia as it capital. The current Governor of the state is Okezie Ikpeazu. It is also an oil producing state and has a population of about 2.8 million people with it number of LGA currently 17.


Imo State is also a South Eastern state included in the Niger Delta Region because of it oil producing status. The capital of Imo is Owerri and the current Governor is Rochas Anayo Okorocha. Created on 3 February 1976, Imo has a population of about 4 million with it number of LGA currently 27. Imo State is majorly an Igbo state.

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