Nigeria is an African country with about 200 million population spreaded across 36 states. Today were are looking at the biggest states in Nigeria by land mass. Before we go, we need to state that Nigeria is a country divided into 6 geopolitical zones: They are: North East, North West, North Central, South East, South West and South South geopolitical zones,The above geopolitical zones are divided into 36 states which make up the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Top 5 Largest Nigerian States by Land mass
According to research, the largest states in Nigeria by Land mass are all located in northern Nigeria where Hausa-fulani tribe dominated. Having noted that, we are proceeding to list of the five states in Nigeria with the largest land mass. Check below:
1. Niger State
The largst state in Nigeria is “Niger State”. Niger State was created in 1976 when the old North-Western State was split into Niger State and Sokoto State respectively. The names “Niger state” was taken the River Niger and it is home to Nigeria’s two most popular hydroelectric power Dams namely Kainji Dam, and the Shiroro Dam.
Size: Niger State covers 95,363 square kilometres of land.
2. Borno State
Borno is the second largest state in Nigeria by Land mass.. Borno being the second largest state in Nigeria was also created in 1976. But in 1991, Yobe state was carved out of it. Borno state covers 92,893 square kilometres of land and the popular Sambisa Forest used by Boko Haram Terorists is located in Borno.
3. Taraba State
Like Yobe State, Taraba state was created in 1991 from the old Gongola state. While it is not as massive as the first two states on this list, it is still larger than most states in Nigeria and that is why it is third on this list behind only Niger and Borno states.
Taraba state covers 54,473 square kilometres in land mass.
4. Kaduna State
Fourth on the list of the largest states in Nigeria is Kaduna state. Kaduna state isn’t as enormous as Taraba but it comes close. It is as big as 46,053 square kilometres.Kaduna has a rich history.Kaduna dates back to the start of British colonial rule in northern Nigeria where people who live in the area were called ‘Northern Nigerians.’ In 1967, these people were said to be living in the ‘North Central State.’ This status quo was maintained until 1975 when the former ‘Kaduna State’ was created by the then military leader, Gen. Murtala Mohammed.The current Kaduna state is the successor of the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at Kaduna which is now the home of over 6.3 million people.Kaduna has been further divided on numerous occasions to create states like Katsina and others. It houses close to 63 different ethnic groups.
5. Bauchi State
Bauchi state completes this list and it is the fifth largest state in Nigeria by land mass. It covers 45,837 square kilometres.Bauchi state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up by authorities. In 1996, it was further broken down and Gombe state was formed.